Road Legal Quad Bike Regulations – Road Legal Quads and the Law

If you want to ride your quad bike on the road, it must be a road legal quad bike which means that its construction must meet the standard laid down by the Department of Transport and EU Regulation. It must also comply with legislation currently in force so that it meets European and UK safety and environmental standards. Road legal quads offer you flexibility in being able to use them both off road and on the public highway.

What Makes a Quad Bike Road Legal?

In order to be legally used on the roads, a quad bike must have EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval (ECWVTA) and a Certificate of Conformity. Several manufacturers now have type approval to produce bikes that conform to the required standard.

Under UK law a vehicle is classified as a quad bike, or quadricycle, if it has 4 wheels and has an unladen weight of 550Kgs or more. This means that it is classified as a Private Light Goods vehicle and will be taxed as such and requires a full driving licence to use it on the public highway. Quad bikes do not conform to the definition of a ‘motorcycle’ and therefore cannot be taxed in the ‘motorcycle’ tax class. You cannot use a motorcycle driving licence to ride a road legal quad bike.

There are two more classifications for quad bikes. These are for lighter quad bikes and they must also meet maximum power and speed restrictions and the construction requirements are those of a 3 wheel moped or a motor tricycle.

A road legal quad is also required to comply with the Road Traffic Act 1988. This means that it must be built to the proper standard required by law and conform to the following requirements:-

1. It must be registered with the DVLA
2. It must display number plates, back and front
3. It must be taxed
4. It must be insured
5. It must have a valid MOT certificate, if over three years old
6. It must have lights, indicators, road legal tyres, horn, speedometer, mirrors and every other element that would allow it to pass an MOT inspection.

Who Can Ride a Road Legal Quad Bike?

As a road legal quad bike is classified as a Private Light Goods vehicle, it can only be ridden by someone who has passed their car driving test and holds a full driving licence and is at least 17 years old. There is an exception to this which is for anyone receiving the higher level of mobility component of the Disability Living Allowance. In this case, the minimum age is 16 years.

Do I Have to Wear Protective Clothing?

Everyone riding a quad bike, whether on or off road, should wear a helmet and motorcycle protective clothing. However, there is currently no legal requirement for you to do so. There have been some horrible accidents and deaths as a result of using quad bikes without protective clothing – don’t become a statistic – it’s so easy to protect yourself with the proper gear.

This article has been written for your entertainment only. It is not intended, and must not be taken, as legal advice and you must consult your own Lawyer if in any doubt. We make no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information provided.
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